Science & social responsibility in public health

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Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

Crisis Management Technology Big Brother saving lives

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We all like to think that we are never going to be involved in a crisis or any scenario where risk is running high. Unfortunately for some, their day-to-day jobs involve encountering risk and putting their lives at risk for the good of others.

Very often, working in high risk environments can be difficult, especially if its on foreign soil. Not knowing your surroundings and working with people from different cultures can often be very stressful work. This is where GPS technology can help.

GPS Technology utilises a network of satellites orbiting earth to send and transmit signals back to devices on the ground, at sea and in the air. Satellite technology is ideal for people working in remote locations as it doesnt rely on cell towers and the signal is transmitted directly to the satellite from the device. In certain circumstances, i.e. in a dense forest or built up city area the signal may falter a little but at sea, in the air or on the ground it is usually a very reliable technology and helps teams in situations liaise with central management teams regarding locations, risk and general communication.

The areas of high impact when it comes to Crisis Management technology are places like the 3rd world countries. These countries often span a vast area of expansive land and aid workers travel from village to village trying make sure inhabitants get what they need to survive. Naturally, as people try to do good others will try to hijack this work for their own needs.

This is a perfect example of where Crisis Management technology can help. Not only do the central teams know the exact location of the convoys but they can also advise of, and how to avoid, potential risk situations by using the GPS technology at hand, both by tracking and communicating those on the ground.

With GPS Technology is easy for central teams to deploy backup to the exact location of a situation. It enables teams to be responsive with accurate information, which ultimately saves lives and allows for critical missions to succeed.

Technology For Women And What It Can Offer Us

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The colour pink is often associated with women as more often than not, women look good in pink. Women who have great fashion senses are often eye catching and you may well have noticed that a woman’s fashion sense has begun to extend towards the gadgets that they carry. The rise of feminine technology has been growing steadily and is about to hit a crest. When you say feminine technology what is the first thing that comes to your mind? Pink gadgets!

Since the colour pink has long been associated with women, it doesn’t come as a surprise to see pink mobile phones, pink digital cameras, and pink laptops, among others that can be considered as part of feminine technology. Pink is a dainty colour, eye-candy if you like. Given the choice, fashionable women tend to want to carry trendy gadgets to veer away from the more macho-looking laptops or cellular phones. Women now find it tempting to have a pink gadget, like a pink laptop, to showcase their love for beauty. Most women are aware that most men find a woman to be more feminine if they are wearing something pink, and i have to admit there is something appealing about a confident women seen doing some work on a pink feminine laptop or making a business call with a pink mobile phone.

Technology need not be boring and with the advent of feminine technology, pink and all the other girly colours have become the in thing. Pink may be a favourite, but red is also becoming popular, as well as lavender or pastel colours. You will even see laptops that have designs on it; often utilising many different shades of pink or other feminine colours.

Wouldn’t it be great to take snapshots using your pink digital camera? You will now find digital cameras, mobile phones, and laptops in various shades of pink and as well as other girly colours so finding one that suits your personality is no longer the challenge that it once was. However do not, for a second, think that gadgets with a touch of femininity are lacking in the features or power department. A lot of popular brands now carry fashionable designs but still with the exact same technology and features as more masculine looking gadgets.

This is true especially for laptops. Pink laptops may look dainty and beautiful yet you can be sure that you can still surf the net with ease and do some office or school work simultaneously without having your workflow slowed by unresponsive technology. It is just as important to take note that when you shop for a gadget that will showcase your feminine side, make sure that you check the features as well as the prices first before settling with one particular unit.

So when you talk of feminine technology, it is not only about trends and beauty, functionality is also a must have and one that manufacturers are increasingly more aware of.

Why Are Teens So Stressed Science Fair Projects

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The topic of your science fair project is critical to its success. If you select a topic that you are not interested in you will find the process of completing a science fair project boring and tedious. However, you can overcome this problem by focusing on something that either interests you or that impacts your life directly. Here is a topic for this year’s science fair project “why are teens so stressed?”

Background Research

“Why are teens so stress?” This is the topic for your science fair project this year. So now that you have a topic your next step is to conduct research on this subject. This research will need to begin with a general search of teen stress. The results from this search will provide you with leads on what is stressing out teens and what research has already been done.

Develop a Hypothesis

Now that you know a little bit about your topic your next step is to develop a hypothesis. Your hypothesis will predict what is stressing out teens. For example, your hypothesis may be that teen stress rates are impacted directly by the stricter entrance requirements for college.

Develop an Experiment

After you have a hypothesis you will need to find a way to test that hypothesis. If your hypothesis is that teens are stressed by the increase in acceptance standards of colleges then you will need to design an experiment that tests how these higher standards are impacting student stress levels. You can do this by collecting data on college entrance requirements from the 70s and comparing them to those of today, and you can also conduct interviews with teens to figure out how stricter college entrance requirements are impacting their stress levels.

Collect Data

Data collection for this type of science fair project will involve collecting data and information from government and nonprofit sources, as well as collecting data directly from your own test subjects. When you are collecting data from your test subjects make sure your test conditions remain constant for each experiment. This will help to ensure your data is reliable and valid.

Volcano Science Projectextreme

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Everyone has heard of the classic volcano science project using vinegar, baking soda, and a little bit of red food coloring. This little experiment, however, is a little more extreme, and a little more realistic (do not worry, it is not actually dangerous!). This guide will teach you how to create a volcano project that really erupts with some force.
Unfortunately, the fake lava is not going to be quite so realistically red, but sometimes compromise means sacrifices! Here we go:
Gather your building supplies. For this project, you are going to need to start with a volcano. A prepackaged paper mache kit is recommended. Next, you need a two-liter bottle of diet cola. Use your paper mache kit to build a mountainous, volcanic structure around the bottle, leaving a hole at the top large enough to facilitate opening the soda bottle. Give your paper mache plenty of time to dry before you attempt the next step, or else you will end up with a sticky mess on your hands.
Paint your volcano. This is where you can get pretty creative, even though most volcanic mountains look pretty much the same. You can go for the standard black and brown color of rocks and dirt, or you can get a little artsy. Why not make a tie-dye themed volcano? It is just a science experiment, and science should be fun! After applying your paint, make sure that it is completely dry before you begin the next stage: Explosion!
Now it is time to add the trigger to the equation. Go to your local convenience store and buy a roll of mint Mentos. It is very important that you buy these in particular, as nothing else will work correctly.
Ready your presentation in a clear, outdoor space (trust me; you do not want this volcano erupting indoors!). Carefully take the cap off your diet cola, which, if you have followed directions, should be housed securely in your paper mache volcano. Commence with a dramatic countdown, and at its conclusion, drop a couple of the Mentos into the cola.
ERUPTION!
This is a fun experiment to do at school or at home, but if you are planning to attempt it, there are a few safety precautions to take. The reaction of the cola to the mints is very strong, and you definitely do not want to put your face near the opening of the soda bottle for the initial eruption. It is recommended that you wear goggles or some type of protective eyewear if you are going to be the one tossing the mints in the soda. Other than that, enjoy the spectacle!

Save The Planet! Environmental Science Fair Project

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Environmental Science Fair Project

There are increasing numbers of students who are choosing an environmental science fair project for their school assignments. Hardly a day goes by that there is not some sort of news event on the television regarding the problems we are facing with the environment. These students are choosing an environmental science fair project for school because they are interested in studying this area of science. Many of these students are very devoted to finding solutions to the current environmental crises. They have the long term vision that many adults lack by realizing that what we do now will affect the planet in a positive or negative way for years, decades, and/or centuries to come. They are taking this devotion to the cause and choosing an environmental science fair project as their topic of study.

An environmental science fair project can be presented on a wide variety of specific topics. Issues surrounding soil use and preservation are some of the most popular. These issues deal with loss of topsoil, which is where all the plant life is grown. This type of environmental science project can also examine the effects of runoff on the waterways of the world. The silting of rivers is a major concern due to the detrimental effects to plants and animals that rely on oxygenated water for survival. An environmental science fair project may also cover the issues surrounding the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the soil and surrounding wildlife. Students who demonstrate aptitude in these areas will likely continue their passion into their careers as agricultural scientists.

Other students who choose an environmental science fair project could focus on the latest increases in greenhouse gases around the Earth. While the task may sound too monumental for an environmental science fair project, there are ways to scale down the project. These projects are scientifically accurate and if properly implemented and documented can lead to the answers we are in need of to address this issue. Likewise, the study of animals such as frogs can lead to knowledge that can be applied on a larger scale. Frogs are the litmus paper for the health of water, and students can gather information in their local areas to determine the health of ponds and streams.

POSqx booming the restaurant industry with New point of sale technology

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For running the restaurant in more advanced way, you need to use high-end best POS point of sale technology. A Point of sale technology can manage the lot in your restaurant fairly comfortably and precisely. Most importantly, New point of sale technology can process all sales made in your store be it credit card, debit card or cash payment. Unsurprisingly, the Business point of sale technology is equipped with a full payment processing system and from your part; you should take no chances in ensuring that the Best POS point of sale technology is fully safe for such processing.

Your customers may opt to pay through different means where it may be cash, credit cards or cash cards; even some of them may be your usual customers whom you will charge seldom. So, Best POS point of sale technology vendors gives sufficient fondness for collecting and processing payments in dissimilar modes. The New point of sale technology should also facilitate you to bring together payments from customers whose records are saved in the main database of the best restaurant management software.

Under standard conditions, your customer will dine in your restaurant, walk up to the cash-counter or the payment processing systems console and pay using his cash/credit card or simple cash. Now, if the customer pays in cash, the best Point of sale technology software will open up the cash-drawer robotically the moment the cashier enters the cash details in the console. For credit/debit card dealing out, you will get your customer’s card swiped in the system and the amount will be routinely updated in the best restaurant management software.

All POS inventory system is equipped with adequate security features to prevent mal-practices. As you get various reports on the data collected in the POS inventory system, any discrepancy will be easily noticeable to you. The information of your customers’ credit or debit cards is completely encrypted through the Business point of sale technology so that they can dine and enjoy in the restaurant generously. A number of best Point of sale technology are also equipped with online payment gateways to full transactions over the web from the POS inventory system console.

It is vital to run your restaurant with an optimized system offering the customer with an immense dining skill. So, to linger in the business fruitfully, you need to have Best POS point of sale technology besides efficient workforce and sufficient infrastructure. Ultimately, your New point of sale technology makes the difference and takes you towards achievement.

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Point of sale technology, New point of sale technology, Business point of sale technology, POS point of sale technology, Best POS point of sale technology, POS inventory system

Technology Innovations Drives Success Mobile Commerce

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Today, many technology innovations provide great functionality at lower price, giving more values to customers and stimulate mobile consumer market. The trend had shifted the consumers closer to business where on-line transaction can be done through simple clicks at palm.

Product designers have played a great role in improving interfaces for better information presentation over mobile devices. Many technology corporations have been engineering on artificial intelligence to humanize handheld devices into a better personal assistant. In the most familiar face, Siri technology in iPhone 4S is the most advance implementation of voice recognition technology that can help the owner to get things done by asking.
Geographical location technology must also be accredited for the success of Mobile Commerce. In order to deliver location service, mobile device tracks individual physical location as he or she moves about. Without many consumers knowing, some data-mining company use the Global Position System (GPS) to track their movement for market research. As such, this help researchers to study the consumers’ habits and behavior to exploit further possible technologies to complement lifestyle.

With much convenience provided through GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication), the most common cellular standard, extended by the GPRS (General Packet Radio System), banks and payment gateways have adopted token authentication as the best practice for safe mobile transaction. Soon to be true, more consumers will have a better reason to switch to cashless payment after the announcement of NXP Semiconductors N.V. secure contact-less Near Field Communication (NFC) technology solution.

On top of the cutting-edge technology, mobile web platform is available today to help company engages in the development and management of mobile site without much complexity. It is an on-line system that provides convenience to member of staff to manage the entire mobile web site without the need for any technical knowledge. For many business owners, this is thought to be highly sustainable and cost-effective than the traditional method of engaging highly paid professional to work on project based web development. A mobile site builder helps organisation to suit their mobile site exactly to the company image without compromising its security.

Strong infrastructure combines with innovative technological ideas give additional earning opportunities to vendors with reliable products. Besides setting up a physical store, a virtual business is equally important to attract technology savvy consumers who tend to leverage on the social network to search for better deals in the vast internet space.

Are you ready for Mobile Commerce?

Current Science Article Stem Cell Research in the Spotlight Once Again

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Recent discoveries about the role of stem cells in cancer have altered the landscape of cancer research, says Medical News Today. There is, however, a long-running philosophical rift over stem cell research at both the state and federal levels. Some groups would rather focus on adult stem cell research, avoiding the moral and ethical questions about research involving embryos. While ethical debate on human embryonic stem cells will continue, much more is occurring on the rings surrounding this bull’s-eye issue, including research in both drug development and adult stem cells.

Biologists’ understanding of new sources and uses of adult and nonembryonic stem cells is advancing rapidly. Called “niches” or “crypts,” it seems that almost anyplace one looks in the body (nose, eye, hair follicle, intestine, bone marrow, central nervous system), stem cells are being found. From such basic knowledge, it has been reported that successful animal and human therapy using patient stem cells is already occurring. As more stem cell crypts are discovered, the desire to understand how to manipulate them within the body only becomes more acute.

At the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, researchers presented new discoveries about stem cells in leukemia, breast and colon cancer that add to the growing evidence that perhaps cancer is, fundamentally, a stem cell problem.

Interviewed by Vision Magazine at the Stem Cells World Congress earlier this year in La Jolla, California, veterinarian and CEO of Vet-Stem, Robert Harmon, explained how his company is currently providing stem cell therapies for animals. Injected into an injury or degenerated tissue, the stem cell treatment evokes healing in unprecedented ways. As it has been since its discovery almost 400 years ago, the cell and the “vital force” that makes it the seat of biological life continues to hold attention. It is likely that there will be no end to the moral and ethical questions and investigations. Today’s new age of molecular understanding, genomics, proteomics, gene splicing and bioengineering is barely underway. It is not surprising, then, that the more we know, the more we recognize how little we understand.

The timeline of discovery has been exponential: from discovery of the DNA double helix in 1953, and the understanding of the genetic code, gene splicing and cell differentiation in the 60s, 70s and 80s, science rapidly jumped up the learning curve to the cloning of whole organisms and the discovery of embryonic stem cells less than a decade ago. The future possibilities for the application of this knowledge seem enormous.

Read the full article about Stem Cell Research and interviews with speakers at the Stem Cells World Conference at Vision.org.

Books on Society and Social Sciences

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Society & Social Sciences books give us the information regarding the society, tradition, culture and human behaviours. These books can be considered as the combination of information and study in relation to human behaviours and the society and comprise a number of disciplines of social science which is a term normally used to represent numerous fields further than the natural sciences. Psychology Books, Politics & Current Events Books and Society & Culture Books are included in the category of books on Society & Social Sciences. The disciplines of social science are knowledge branches that are usually taught at the college and researched at the university level.

Social science books are helpful for research and PHD studies as lot of thesis and analysis are drawn out in social science books. These books are great to build and shape the character of the person.

Information on Psychology Books

The students who are willing to learn human behaviours are greatly interested in Psychology books. The science of psychology undertakes behavioural changes and mental process. Psychology books embrace distinguished topics on emotional behaviour of an individual or a group. These books are quite easy for reading as well as understanding. Some of the popular Psychology books are: Personality development, The road to you your success, How to win friends and influence people, Managing stress. Basically, these books are integrated in the art students’ course. They are obtainable in book stores as well as online at different costs. Some of the top brands are: Bantam Books, Free Press, Harper Collins, Hay House, Penguin Books.

Books on Politics & Current Events and Society & Culture

The research and academic discipline, political science handles the theory as well as practice of politics and the analysis and description of political behaviour and political systems. Political science is diverse methodologically. The process for applying coercive power legitimately is politics. Generally, the term of politics is used for the science or art of running state or governmental affairs, together with behaviour inside civil governments. A few popular books on Politics & Current Events: The Prince, Modelling as Negotiating, The Political Dynamics of Computer Models in the Policy Process. Top brands for these books are Hay House, Penguin Books. Some of the books on Society & Culture are: Pukhtoon Society in Transition, The Power of Intention, Police in Contradiction; The Evolution of the Police Function in Society. Top brand for books on Society & Culture is Penguin Books.

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